Khajuraho Temple of Love – Significance of Erotic Sculptures
The explicit sculptures of Khajuraho are an expression of human emotions such as love, passions and unique engineering and erotic art.
Although figurines in ancient Indian temples often depict cultural and religious life, curiosity piques at the exquisite sculptures of amorous couples in hedonistic love lock. Khajuraho Temples are among the most beautiful medieval monuments in the country.Located in Madhya Pradesh, India, Khajuraho temples are well known for the sculptures in erotic poses and temple of love. These temples were built by the Chandella ruler between AD 900 and 1130. It was the golden period of Chandella rulers. It is presumed that it was every Chandella ruler has built atleast one temple in his lifetime. So all Khajuraho Temples are not constructed by any single Chandella ruler but Temple building was a tradition of Chandella rulers and followed by almost all rulers of Chandella dynasty.
Ancient alien Khajuraho Temple of love. Khajuraho, which has lent its name to a complex of exquisite Hindu and Jain temples, is a small town located amidst the forested plains of Bundelkhand in north central Madhya Pradesh. The beautiful temples that dot Khajuraho are believed to have been built by the mighty Chandela rulers in the 9th and 10th century AD.
The Khajuraho Group of Monuments in Khajuraho, a town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District. The name Khajuraho derived from Khajura (date palm), which grows freely in the area and as there were two golden khajura trees on a carved gate here. These 22 temples are dispersed over an area of 6 km.
The structure or typology of both the Hindu and Jain temples are same: There is an elevated substructure on top of which there is a richly carved building known as Jangha, which is further covered by sculpted panels. This is crowned by curvilinear counters known as Shikharas. The highest of these towers are found over the sanctuary of divinity, symbolizing the cosmic mountain of Kailash.
Western groups of Khajuraho temples are entirely Hindu, and constitute some of the finest examples of Chandela art at its peak. The largest being the Kandhariya Mahadev, followed by a granite temple – Chaunsath Yogini. The Chitragupta Temple is dedicated to the Sun God, while the Vishwanath Temple sports a three-headed image of Brahma – the Creator of the Universe. Chaunsat Yogini Temple, constructed in granite, is dedicated to Goddess Kali. It has been constructed on a unique quadrangular plan. Unfortunately, no image of Kali has survived. There is an impressive three-headed image of Brahma inside.
The Eastern Group consists of the Parsvanatha (Dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankara, Adinatha), Ghantai (depicts 16 dreams Lord Mahavira’s mother had at the time of HIS birth), Adinatha (dedicated to first Jain Tirthankara, Adinatha) temples. All the temples in the eastern group belong to the Jainism sect. The largest Jain temple, Parswanath, is in this group. The actual image of Parswanath, from which the temple derives its name, was installed as recently as 1860.
The southern group group has two impressive Khajuraho temples, mainly belonging to the 12th century – the Chaturbhuja Temple, with a massive, carved image of Vishnu, and the Duladeo Temple, one of the last temples of the Chandela era, dedicated to Lord Shiva. The carved image of Vishnu is so amazing.
Significance of Erotic Sculpture Art
The significance of erotic sculptures in the Khajuraho temples has been interpreted in many ways. Some regard them as representations mirroring the lax moral standards of contemporary society. For some others, these are the illustrations of erotic postures mentioned in the ancient text, Kamasutra, which is regarded as the classical treatise on lovemaking. However, the mostly accepted view is that these sculptures symbolize the concept of Tantric love. According to this, sexual act is a blend of Yoga (spirituality) and Bhoga (physical pleasure). Enjoyment of senses was seen as an easier way to salvation.
Khajuraho Temples, with extramural sexual themes (10% of the total carving), portray that for seeing the deity; one must leave his sexual desires outside the Temple. They also depict that the inner deity of the Temple is pure like the soul (atman) which is unaffected by sexual desires and other gross tendencies, destiny etc. They give message that one should always have God as the central point in one’s life even though one is engaged in worldly activities.
Exquisite images on the interior and exterior walls of the shrines. Architecturally these temples are unique with the erotic images. There images worth to impress you. While each temple in Khajuraho has a distinct plan and design, several features are common to all. They are all built on high platforms, several metres off the ground, either in granite or a combination of light sandstone and granite. Each of these temples has an entrance hall or mandapa, and a sanctum sanctorum or garbha griha. The roofs of these various sections have a distinct form. The porch and hall have pyramidal roofs made of several horizontal layers. The inner sanctum’s roof is a conical tower – a colossal pile of stone (often 30m high) made of an arrangement of miniature towers called shikharas.